Philip was at war with the Dutch republic, France and England during the last 10 years of his reign. There were a number of military rebellions during the rest of the 19th century, and the colonies of south America took advantage to break away from Spain - most of the Empire was lost by Besides being dismissed as not very intelligent — some even dismiss him as an imbecile or idiot — he was unable to provide Spanish government with the energetic direction which it needed in difficult circumstances.
But conquering and forming an empire is one thing; maintaining it quite another. However, the reign of Louis XIV saw a remarkable recovery of France, which subsequently replaced the Spanish monarchy as the dominant power in Europe.
The revolt of the Catalans, a study in the decline of Spain, Besides Calvinism was starting to spread like fire on hay and the Spanish were not only Catholic, but liked everybody in their territories to be Catholic as well. For one thing, Charles succeeded as a four year old child.
As with royal minorities everywhere, it encouraged a struggle for power. Although this ensured future Spanish rulers would rule over both Aragon and Castile, both regions had their own administration and legal systems.
More importantly, many arbitristas believed that the influx of silver from the American mines was the cause of inflation which hurt Spanish manufactures.
Remarkably, and rather curiously, Castle, still bearing the main burden, was relatively quiet. Many Spaniards spent long years in universities, taking advantage of the increase in the number of universities.
Those resources included substantial remittances of bullion from the Indies; indeed bullion imports in every decade after now, and long had been, the major beneficiaries of that trade despite their formal exclusion from it. In the end Spain was forced to recognize the Portuguese independence.
However when the Portuguese nobility began to lose their influence and power, when the Cortes and Portuguese posts were being occupied by the high Spanish classes, and when the taxes were raised by the Count Duke of Olivares, the Portuguese had had enough.
Within Spain, money was poured into churches and monasteries rather than developing sustainable business or agriculture. But the decline of Spain, like that of all dominant powers, was in some respects relative, simply the other side of the coin of the emergence, or re-emergence f other powers whose previous weakness had enabled Spain to take a lead and to rise in the first place.
Especially problematic was the response of the principality of Catalonia whose ability to contribute was over-estimated by OlivaresInch in revolted and eventually accepted the sovereignty of the king of France, Louis XIII.
Even wealthy merchants invested in land, titles and juros to avoid working for a living. Nevertheless, the Court of Madrid had to abandon its plans to exact more from Catalonia. There was still resistance from the church however and the Inquisition still existed.
The existence of this group was among the most distinctive cultural or intellectual consequences of recession in Spain, although it is possible that historians have been too influenced by he somber picture painted by these arbitrates.
Spain, however, was frequently on the receiving end of this remarkable French evil: Economic situation in Spain during the 17th century[ edit ] Political commentators in Spain, known as arbitristasproposed a number of measures to reverse the decline of the Spanish economy.
Unfortunately, these records do not cover the whole of the period, reflecting the fact that for years at a time diplomatic relations were broken off; most obviously in wartime. University of Pennsylvania Press, For many historians, this finally extinguished Spanish military power.At the height of the Spanish Empire, Spain controlled large areas of South America, large areas of Italy, Austria and the Netherlands.
Within Spain, money was poured into churches and monasteries rather than developing sustainable business or agriculture. The Decline of Spain in the Seventeenth Century They not only united “Spain” by bringing together, very loosely, these disparate territories, but they also conquered the last Islamic realm (Granddad) In Iberia, supported Columbus’ Atlantic voyages, and extended Spanish dominion in north Africa and Italy.
Signs that Habsburg Spain was declining became visible during the reign of Philip III.
Throughout Philip III's reign the main currency was a copper-based coin called vellon, which was minted in response to the fall in imports of silver. The Spanish state had been created by the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon to Isabella of Castile in Although future monarchs of Spain ruled both Aragon and Castile, little was done to unify the administration or legal systems of the two.
Combined with Castile's decline in economy and manpower, this put a strain on the entirety of Spain that precipitated its decline. This is a good point to then read /u/Venmar 's post, to review the many troubles of the 17th century.
A rather interesting event in European history is the fall of the Spanish Empire. When Philip II died inthe tendrils of Spain reached across almost the entirety of Central and South America, north and south Italy, and the Benelux area.Download